Plant Native Grasses in your Backyard and Watch it Come to Life
Before European settlement, much of Australia was covered in grasslands. Many of our backyard buddies rely on grasses to survive.
Native grasses are important to many insects, birds and animals. Underground, they are also important to soil organisms and earthworms, which help aerate soils, allow water to penetrate, and break down organic matter to improve soil fertility. Grasses also help to prevent erosion.
You can find out which grasses are Australian natives, by looking at the Native Grass Resources Group Inc. website. The Australian native grasses have their scientific names in bold green.
Plants which are native to one area of Australia can be a weed if planted somewhere else. It's a good idea to check with your local council or native nursery to find out what plants are locally native before making any grand plans for your garden or backyard.
Some Australian native grasses include:
- Red grass - Bothriochloa macra.
- Windmill grass - Chloris truncata.
- Wallaby grass - Austrodanthonia spp.
- Common wheat grass - Elymus scaber.
- Curly windmill grass - Enteropogon acicularis.
- Weeping grass - Microlaena stipoides.
- Kangaroo grass - Themeda triandra.
- Wire grass - Aristida ramosa.
- Spear grass - Austostipa spp.
- Iron grasses - Lomandra multiflora subsp. dura and Lomandra effusa.
You can find out how to propagate your own native grass on the Gardening Australia website.
Grasslands include a mixture of grasses, bulbs, lilies, daisies, hardy ferns and small shrubs with pea flowers. Click to read an article about grasslands and the buddies that love them.