Australia's native Red Cedar, Toona ciliata, towers above pretty much everything else in the lowland rainforests. It can reach 60 m in height with a massive girth of 3m.
You would be lucky to spot one these days. A century or more of clearing and felling for timber has decimated the wild population and most now grow only in plantations or as single, ancient giants in the rainforests of eastern Australia.
Being deciduous, Red Cedars shed a massive load of leaves each year which provides organic matter for the soil and habitat for invertebrates.
The rough bark provides an excellent grip for the many epiphytic plants which make their home among the high branches of the Red Cedar. Held aloft in the canopy, bird's nest ferns, elkhorns and staghorns are able to reach light and rain that doesn't reach lower down.
The pioneers did not dub these magnificent trees 'red gold' for nothing. The outstanding qualities of the Red Cedar timber - beautiful, fragrant, workable and naturally termite resistant - made it in high demand from carpenters and builders.
Luckily, Red Cedar seedlings are now readily available from nurseries and you can see them in many suburban gardens. It's a popular tree due to its fast growth, disease resistance and ability to grow anywhere from sun to shade - as long as you have plenty of room.
Red Cedars make a valuable contribution to your local habitat: the spreading leaves in summer provide cooling shade and reduce water loss from smaller plants and from the soil, while the bare branches in winter allow in warmth and light.
Sheoaks are very unusual plants because they have separate male and female plants. Each year the males will turn a dusky red colour as they release their pollen. The female trees have small red flowers and lots of seed cones. The sheoak doesn’t have big leaves, instead they have branchlets ..